Americans remained convinced that Americas involvement with World War 1 had
been a mistake. The ethnic allegiance reinforced Americans’ traditional
reluctance to enter foreign conflicts. Overall, at that time Americans
supported the thought of being isolated because they did not want to be drawn
into more wars that the US really had no business getting involved with in the
first place and wanted there to be a time where there wasn’t war and that Americans
could finally be out of everything.
Roosevelt was reelected for the third time.
Roosevelt felt that America would become the arsenal of democracy – providing Britain
and China with military supplies to fight against the German and Japanese
armies. America had a cash and carry with Britain meaning that they would allow
the sales of arms to them after they had no traded with them for years. On the day
of Dec. 7, 1941 Japan dropped a bomb on Pearl Harbor naval base in located in
Hawaii. The U.S. then declared war on Japan, not soon after, Germany declared
war on America.
war affected many groups of people while men were gone. For women, they became
a nation of fueled on “womanpower” and they stepped in to fill the positions
that were lest vacated by men. New job opportunities became available to them
in the industrial, professional, and government industries. For the Mexicans
the war affected them by, opening up opportunities for second generation
Mexican-Americans and thousands emerged to fight in the war. By them being in
the army and fighting alongside their white counterparts it gave them the opportunity
to learn English more fluently and faster. For the Indians, over 2500 were in the army.
Thousands of men left the reserves they lived on to join. Some even became “code-talkers”
so the Japanese could not understand what they were saying. After the war many
chose not to return to their home reservations and some men event took
advantage of their GI Bill and went and got a college education.
blacks, the biggest freedom they wanted was the freedom to not have to fear
anymore that they would be lynched. They also wanted the freedom from want because
they wanted to no longer be discriminated against for jobs. For the white man,
the freedoms were already there but it was something they felt needed to be
defended. The minorities on the other hand, felt that that was still something for
them to achieve.
became very involved with the economy and the industry. Federal funds were
being used to establish manufacturing and industrial sites. The government was
investing billions of dollars in many different kinds of things. Steel plants,
aircraft factories. They felt all of these would be beneficial to everyone as
it helped the military but it also produced jobs for those who were still home
from the war.
created more job opportunities for women, and it forced unions to deal with
issues like equal pay, equal work, and maternity leave. Many women hoped that
after the war they would able to stay working in the labor force as it opened
great opportunity for them but when the war did come to an end, the women ended
up being let go of their positions so their male counterparts could take over their
Japanese interment camps took the basic freedoms that thousand of the
Japanese-American citizens had. Black people were not being given the same opportunity
during the war as white. Blacks were not allowed to participate in combat and
were given little to no access work in the factories for the war either. For
the Mexican Americans they continued to face discrimination and limited opportunities
for work that usually included lower skilled requires such as farm and ranch