“I be a good human being. These values

“I am teaching you Computer science today, but you will learn more in
real life. Technology changes every day and good books are always there in the
market. What I am teaching is also how to be a good human being. These values
have not been prescribed in any syllabus nor will they appear in any
examination. But these are the essential qualities you need, to do well in
life. When you become older you should remember that there was a teacher who
taught you the values of life along with your first knowledge of computer
science. You must then teach your children these same values with as much love
and affection.”

 (Murty,
TGMR 133)

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            The
product of values can be seen in how people interrelate with others around her/him
and how other people respond to one’s actions. People who are primarily
influenced by positive family values are respected and adored and are adjusting
with the differences and comfortable with their place in the world, they also
seem to be more successful in life. People with negative values often have reckless
relationships and struggle to find a respectable position in the society and
satisfaction in life. The researcher intends to locate the two major Indian
values broadly corresponding to these two sections, which are as follow:

1. Traditional social and cultural values, and

2. Moral- and spiritual values

            The supreme socio-cultural traditional Indian
values are mainly, religious tolerance, peace and harmony in the Indian social
life; it includes the general tendency of accommodation, assimilation and
adjustment. It is the strength of Indian cultural heritage as it has helped to
accommodate all the external and peripheral elements and they became one with
the Indian soil though it created a conflict for some times but the Indian
culture absorbed the new elements without much outward tensions, interference
and disturbances in the mundane daily life, it is actually an Indian dexterity
to deal with the more aggressive cultures which attacked India from time to
time, it ranges from Aryans of Vedic period to the French, Portuguese, Dutch,
and of course, English rulers from the west, however they failed to disturb the
indigenous patterns of Indian daily life. The recent foreign rulers have
succeeded to some extent to disturb the peace and harmony of Indian society by
creating the religious conflicts.

            However, they didn’t succeed completely as even in
the modern times where there are challenges to the peace and harmony of the
Indian culture, due to the ancient traditional value of tolerance helped to
keep the Indian culture intact. Indians are known for their art of co-existence
to cherish humanism. The exclusive feature of Indian culture is ‘Unity in
Diversity’, which is an outcome of the Indian tendency to live a harmonious
peaceful life of coexistence. However, harmony is bilateral, as both the sides
have to make the suitable changes according to the need of the other. The
process of mutual harmonization leads to the peace process. These help to
maintain the integrity in the society. India is a multi-religious society which
might generally tend to be disharmonious and conflict.

1. Traditional social and cultural values

            Indian
Values and culture could be summed up in the following words inscribed on the
stone edicts of Devanampiya Piyadassi Ashoka.

“All are my
children…

I am like
their father.

Like any
father wishes for his child,

Happiness
and comfort,

I wish that
for all human beings;

Eternal joy.

Wherever I
am,

Wheteher
attending to matters of secrecy, or inspecting

The cattle
pens,

Whether on a
journey or resting in my garden,

Informers
must bring me the news of my subjects.

Whenever I
am I will work relentlessly to benefit my people.

Sacred of
all duties is the path of dharma.

A man who is
not conscious cannot follow dharma.

Dharma
should flourish; not perish

Let people
strive for its growth,

And not wish
its destruction!”

                                                (Murty GFB 2)

            Indian tradition is a complex notion. Individual
and the society have a deep interdependence which affects the both at equal
measures. Social values are crucial and necessary for the human existence;
which are obligatory. These values may vary culture to culture as the
preferences may be different. It is generally considered that individual’s
values must be consistent with the society he/she belongs to, governing his/her
behaviour according to the expectations of the society. This defines and
controls the behaviour of an individual. These social values are essentially
always supported by the traditions. These could be positive as well as negative
providing a structure to the society. Society and the individuals constantly
interact with each other, in fact, it could be considered as the two sides of a
coin.

            “Individuals contribute to the values of the
community and the community, in turn, should encourage the adherence of
commonly held values from individuals.”

            (Mills and Bullard 173)

            Social
Values consist of things like peace, justice, freedom, equality, and bettering of
society for example not hurting others and also standing up for those who can’t
stand up for themselves, being responsible, being respectful and courteous in
your interactions, volunteering time and skills in the society, being generous
with what you have, being honest with others, participating in philanthropy
when and where necessary. This would lead to