If us as unnatural on some levels.” The

 

If American can put aside their differences and have
an open mind to the possibilities of change then there is bound it change in
the workplace. It could be because putting their reputation on the line when
there is no actual support for taking a risk? But we must because leaders who
want real change must embrace uncertainty as the new normal. We live in
uncertain times being a role model to friends and family by teaching other how
to respect one another regardless of their gender identity. By doing this, it
is creating a safe environment to express themselves freely irrespective of
what gender stereotypes say. 

Since the very beginning of American history women
have always played a role in the background as wives/ homemakers while men
worked and were known as the providers, this has always been society’s
expectations. Now that women are trying to break the norms it’s frowned upon
because they are mostly cutting chains that have been there for centuries.

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As a final point: a message to modern society would be
to continue to fight gender stereotypes that continue to be placed on men and
women, to fight the norms and stand up for future generations to come so that
the next time a woman is running for a position in power, it wouldn’t seem
unusual. American society sticking to the old ways, according to the article
states, “Americans resist letting femininity and power go hand-in-hand; a
female leader still strikes us as unnatural on some levels.” The author goes on
to state “Soon, perhaps, a powerful woman won’t appear threatening or
aspirational, but simply normal.”

All in all, it is still a novel with the concept for
women to have power in both sex and war. Although the Greek stereotype might
have been that women, restless in their domestic sphere, had only sex on their
minds as they did not have to worry about the state of affairs of their
country, this is probably not the case in modern-day society. Judging by
societal attitudes toward sex, it is still seen as a male-dominated world.  The same also applies to war. After examining
the gender differences and the way men and women are portrayed in Lysistrata, as
well as the way these characters interact with one another, the play is indeed
thought-provoking about the nature of women and war. “Men are not the
only people who keep this country or world running smoothly. It’s obvious that
if it’s just men keeping the world running, they’re not doing a great job” (Carroll).
 Just like in Lysistrata if the women
hadn’t stepped in and challenged the men at their own game then who knows what
would have become of the people; destruction at the hands of men.

To put it briefly, it easy to make the women heroes in
the play because they stepped out social-constrictions placed on them, but it
doesn’t explain the content or context of the play. Aristophanes’ undoubtedly
critiques men and their self confidence as men. Some can integrate the feminist
vision; however, he does touch on how men of his time are delusional when it
comes to total control.

As far as the modern-day interpretation of Lysistrata
with paying respects through the feminist lens. Lysistrata isn’t just about sexual
relationships, it far more than one with think with a quick glance, it’s an
examination of the gender roles being presented in the text: between men and
women. Lysistrata finally is able to gather all of the women together, while
empowering them with her speech to put a stop to the war.

Moreover, the conflict against the women, in favor of
preserving the war. Aristophanes seems to be critiquing them for their
narrow-mindedness. These women, from all different areas of Greece, are coming together
under a common cause despite their differences. If even the women can do it, then
the call to why the men can’t come along and settle their disputes is distorting.
I would seem that the tales of men being superior to women are false.

Throughout the play the question as to sexual violence
took place among men and women, especially rape. “they don’t enjoy these
forced/affairs” (Parker). Therefore, this means that most Greek men don’t have
any interest in raping their wives. By the way, the play is written it would
seem that the men want their wives to want them. Under the circumstances. “the
fear of rape and enslavement was often enough to spur women to kill their
children and/or to commit mass suicide rather than allow the enemies to take
control of them” (Loman 43). On the other hand, marital rape hasn’t been viewed
that way especially in in modern times. The question of whether marital rape
should be classified and punished as severely as non-martial rap has been
raised as a question for some time now.

Moreover, the fact that Aristophanes empowered the
Greek women by allowing them to form a pack and the primary goal was solidary
was out of character for women at the time due to social rules that men would
only build activities like this. So, in the play, it is shocking to find the
women behaving in such a rebellious manner like, leaving their homes and united
to fight for a common goal. “An agenda for peace must expect to face opposition
in depth and will need to think of ways of dealing with it, including ways of
making change attractive to signi?cant groups of men” (Connell 29). It seems
that the men did not have enough power to put an end to the women’s rebellion,
giving them the feeling that they were powerless. This could be an indication
that Aristophanes believes that women hold more power than men think.

Society viewed women activate as women spending their
time indoors which seemed like a mystery for most males, Lysistrata’s ownership
of her behavior affirms her position with the women as well as making a commentary
of the stereotypes that the men in the audience would have held. And in a way
in a way, she is saying that since the men
believe that all the women do is sit around and preen, they will, for once, do
just that—and do it to spite the men. It seems that the women are aware of
their power and don’t hesitate to flaunt it even though men are portraying them.
“A role that would usually be considered for a man was not common for family
life to take presedence over all aspect of life. For a woman to subordinate
family to state was not the Athenian ideal” (Schaps 211). Women had no place in
political affairs, despite if they can be used, there was rarely any exceptions
to the rule.

The importance of the role between men and women in
the play judging by the flexibility that female characters had throughout the
play, versus the rigidity of the male chorus and male characters, ultimately,
it seems more likely that Lysistrata, as a female, could bend the expected norms,
rather than being a male character that attempts to act as a female one. “masculinity
is not just a static ‘place’ in a map of gender relations. It is an active
social construction, a pattern of social conduct – conduct that responds to the
situations (e.g. differences of power, de?nitions of bodily difference) in
which people ?nd themselves” (Connell 29). This is a limitation that has also
been noted in the adaptation, with more detail regarding masculinity and
aversion to the feminine.

The same can be said for women in modern-days when it
comes to women running for a position of power or speaking on an issue that
males have dominated like work pay, it becomes comedic to most people. “But
while some women have reached the top in nearly every profession and overt
discrimination is seen by many as largely a thing of the past, women continue
to face obstacles both in their professional and personal lives” (Greenblatt). The
relationships between men and women during the time of Lysistrata are the same
issues that are being faced into present time.

As far as the nature of the relationships between men
and women during the time that Aristophanes’ wrote Lysistrata there were specific roles for women that were rarely
challenged the men which are totally contradicting because the women in Lysistrata directly oppose men which can
be a testament to how Aristophanes’ feelings towards the Peloponnesians War. “Women’s
influence in Greece was not always, and probably not chiefly, a matter publicly
visible,” (Schaps 198), and usually, “The women, in short, fought when
attacked, but sat on the sidelines as long as they were left alone” (Schaps
208). By women speaking out loud denouncing the war and attempting to persuade
their husbands by using dangerous tactics could have been risking in the sense
that violence could have been used against the women.

            Ultimately,
men were the only people directly involved in fighting the war while the women
stayed at home, it is made clear that women still had to face the consequences of
the men’s actions. The women wanted peace; they merely wanted to return to the
way their society ran. They wanted their men back home and used sex as their
form of weapon, but the goal was never to enact a revolution or overthrow the status
quo. “As a culture of peace is mainly interaction between human beings, and the
concept of peace is to a large extent based on egalitarian relationships,
equality between men and women is a crucial condition” (Godenzi 35). It’s
evident that the goal was to stick to gain peace while clinging to the status
quo, but there can be no peace unless something significant changes.

Even though a man wrote the female’s words, the
women’s complaints are legitimate, for example; all the men are at reproducing
age, at war, and are unable to bear children for the next generation. As
Lysistrata says, “A man, an absolute antique, comes back from the war,/and he’s
barely/doddered into town before he’s married the veriest/nymphet./But a
woman’s season is brief; it slips, and she’ll have/no husband, but sit out her
life groping at omens—/and finding no men” (Parker 401). Their demands are
quite sensible: wanting their husbands at home so that they can have and raise
families. As a matter of fact, such demands would have been in the interest of
the men as well. If the men of the Peloponnese and Athens killed each other
off, then both of their cultures and ways of life would have collapsed.

Aristophanes plays on stereotypes of women based off
what men believe women to be, one way that they view women in the play that is
evident is at the very beginning in the opening statement, “Women! Announce a debauch in honor of
Bacchos… and trafficstops the streets are absolutely clogged/with frantic
females…No urging for an orgy! But today—there’s not one woman here!” (Parker
350).  This quote is evidence of how
enthusiastic for the lack of women as a serious matter, especially when it
comes to their excessive indulgence in sensual pleasures.  

Aristophanes’ portrays females as real citizen women
such as young girls, market women, or foreigners meaning the women in Lysistrata are supposed to be
recognizable, but their lack of feminine actions is hard to deduce with their
masculine activities. For example, the whole idea of women coming up with the
idea to end the war and the fact that they used their brains to come up with
this brilliant plan is unusual coming from a male perspective, the association
of specific genders is commonly accepted in the modern day; since Aristophanes
was writing for a male audience it seems that he wats the characters to
resonate with the male audience. 

The women in Lysistrata
aren’t realistic imitations of Greek men of the time, but rather the women’s
identity is determined by men and what they think, exaggerating their fantasies
and fears in the play. The females created by men were based off entirely by
their imagination. Aristophanes’
portrayal of females, whether abstract concepts in female form, “In ancient
Greek thought and literature, the feminine is a theatrical phenomenon: women
are shifty, transient, insubstantial, deceptive, and imitative…. the convention
of male actors playing female roles does appear to intrude into the text, just
as it may have intruded into the performance. “The question is whether
Aristophanes’ comic purposes are not sometimes better achieved if the illusion
of “men playing women” remains intact. To my mind, this example, with
its complicated gender play within the fiction, supports the belief that
they are” (Mawr). Femininity is represented by Aristophanes as the site of the final
comic figure: completely deceptive because ‘she’ is not real at all. ‘She’ must
be given shape by a man, and everyone knows that.”  

Lysistrata is a comedy filled with the power to
challenge to social norms by unpacking the gender
standard and what Aristophanes intended by portraying the male and female
characters the way he does, analyzing the text and the nature of the relationship
between men and women during the time, and discussing the consequence of such
portrayals with respect to modern-day interpretations of Lysistrata.

In most societies and cultures men play active roles
in the traditional aspect which is that the man is the head of the household,
the primary provider, and the central authority. Most men recognize the social
norms placed upon them. The providers influence the social status and power
outside of the home. Gender norms have evolved, and now women are stepping out
and are empowering themselves just as the men have been doing for generations.
Men are adapting to these changes and social media is one of the leading
influences on changing views on social norms and constrictions. The argument
set forth here will demonstrate that Aristophanes’ representation of
male-female relationships during the time of Lysistrata is critical of the
excessive narcissism of the Greek men, challenging their authority with the
women’s sex strike. Therefore, this prompts the question: why is it that even
now, the concept of women’s autonomy and personal choice constitutes comedy.