In adults surviving. After the boys first meet

In  William Golding’s, Lord of the Flies, we are presented with a powerful example of how humans naturally are primitive. The book begins with a plane carrying British schoolboys crashing on an unnamed island with no adults surviving. After the boys first meet up, two prospective leaders emerge from the group, Ralph, and Jack. When Ralph is elected leader by the boys, he allows for Jack to create his own subsection for the hunters. As these two boys start to take different paths of leadership, we begin to see the regression of humans into their wild and primitive state. Three examples of this regression is shown in the hygiene of the boys, the law, and the common behavior. We first see primitivity in the hygiene of the boys. Before they crashed, the boys were just innocent children. Once on the island, they lose the privilege of a traditional bathroom, a shower, clean clothes, etc. This ultimately forces them to become more primitive. In chapter 3, the narrator states “His sandy hair, considerably longer than it had been when they dropped in, was lighter now, and his bare back was a mass of dark freckles and peeling sunburn” (Golding, 48). This quote shows how Jack is beginning to disheveled, due to the lack of hygiene on the island. This quote also represents how the boys are regressing into the natural state, and that hygiene is only something created by society. Another example of how hygiene is only a social construct is at the end of the book in the final chapter. The final chase scene has just concluded and the description of what the British soldier saw is given. The boys are described as “Filthy bodies, matted hair and unwiped noses” (202). This scene can also show the contrast between humans when put with society and humans in their natural state. The soldier is supposed to represent what people look like when put with society, and the boys represent the primitivity because of their hygiene. The law in the book is also another example of the primitivity and regression. At the beginning of the novel, the boys first are called together by Ralph and the conch shell. They then unanimously decide to democratically vote Ralph be their leader. They all agreed to have a vote because when they came from Britain, the only thing that they knew about the law was democracy. We see this because, in chapter 2, Jack states “We’ve got to have rules and obey them. After all, we’re not savages. We’re English” (35). This quote represents how the boys have been taught by British society to respect the laws and to embrace democracy. The quote is also ironic because it shows how even Jack, the antagonist, and the savage hunter, once believed in law and order. The democracy begins to fall apart as Jack’s clique starts to disobey Ralph’s orders and focus more on hunting and killing than trying to be rescued. A major example of this is when a ship passes by the island, however, the signal fire was let out by Jack when his group decided to go hunting. When Ralph confronts him for letting it out, Jack seems unphased by the fact that their potential rescue has just been ruined, but he is very proud of the fact that the hunters killed a pig. This brings the focus of the story back to primitivity because it shows how the hunters are becoming self dependent and are following their own rules and disregarding the law. You can compare the boys to animals because of this because the hunters are losing their sense of democracy and are moving like a pack of wolves, always looking to hunt, with Jack as the Alpha male. These regressions in the law show how the only reason that people follow and respect the law is that of the repercussions given in society for breaking laws. However, when there is no stable form of government, people naturally act feral and wild like.In a normal society, people’s common behaviors include going to school, having a job, shopping at stores, having manners, etc. In the novel Lord of The Flies, almost all of those behaviors are immediately thrown away because of their circumstances. The boys change from normal British schoolboys to crazed hunters in a short period of time. We can see the contrast between the boys at the beginning of the book and when they begin to lose their common behavior in a few different examples. In chapter 2, Piggy tries to control them by claiming the boys need to “Put first things first and act proper” (45). This statement means that the boys need to prioritize getting off the island and to act properly while trying to be rescued. Towards the end of the book, the savage clique has become almost entirely primitive as they no longer wear clothing, refer to each other by names, and follow any other rules than of Jack. An example of their entirely primitive behavior is in chapter 9 where Simon pretends to talk to the Lord of the Flies and is killed for revealing the truth of the real beast. The hunters have become so obsessed with the idea of the beast that when Simon comes down to confront them about his findings, they mistakenly kill him. It is stated, “The crowd surged on it, poured down the rock, leaped on the beast, screamed, struck, bit, tore…” (153). This quote is an example of how the common behavior has drastically changed from schoolboys who are in their childhood, to savages who have just killed and tore a fellow human to shreds because of their superstition of the beast. This definitely shows how society may be the only thing hold us humans together from killing each other. Overall, the novel, Lord of the Flies, gives us many examples of why society is only a social construct and that humans are naturally savage and wild. These examples in the book also provide us with a good indicator on how important society is to human nature, because without it, the events shown in the book, may be more realistic than they seem. Everyday we take our hygiene, laws, and behaviors for granted because we believe that they will always be given to us. However, if we look at the book, we can easily see that none of this is guaranteed and that society is the building block for just about everything in modern humans.