In Learning. Ariyanti (2016:2) stated that writing is

In Indonesia,
English has became the part of important subject to teach and learn for Elementay
School up to university. SBC (School Based Curriculum), Depdiknas:2006, which
is developed by government for all education and school in Indonesia, guide the
students to have four skills: listening, speaking, reading and writing. Writing
is the one of important in English Learning. Ariyanti (2016:2) stated that writing
is one of the most important aspects in English language acquisition. Teaching
writing has its own challenges since there are some steps and requirements that
teachers should prepare to undertake in the classroom.  Writing is the manner  for the students who is still confused and
feel that they have limited confidence to speak in public or in the classroom.
In the real situation, the students have a personal different, the teacher
should teach writing so that the students will have a good ability in writing.

Beside that, the purpose of
teaching English and the situation in the field, the teacher have to teach English
writing because it is the one of important skill as other skills. According to
Harmer (1998:79) said that the most important reason for teaching writing, is
that it is a basic language skill, just as important as speaking, listening and
reading.

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Writing is a
important skill to master. In writing skill, students still get some difficulties
. The first problem in grammatical understanding. The difficulty that the
students found usually in tenses, because the different tenses are different
role. In every tenses have the different funtion too. The students who have
limited understanding about tenses or lack of vocabulary, it will be confusing.
The second problem student’s idea about what to write or how to develop it. The
last problem is the arrange of the ideas. Most of students still doubt that
they want to write but the do not know how to start it first. Diharyono’s
statement as quoted by Markhamah (2013) said that students know or have an
ideas what they are going to write but they do not know how to put them into
the words. They also still much confused to connect or put the ideas what they
get into a coherent paragraph. So that the students do not know how to start it
and how to finish it. Those difficulties are connected to the aspects of
writing; content, organization, vocabulary, grammar and mechanics. In other
words the teacher should teach them writing because they still face the
difficulties on learning writing.

For those reasons, because of
the student’s difficulties in learning writing, the researcher chooses the
technique to make easier for the students in writing. In process learning, a
technique can make a teaching learning process more useful. There for, the
students can be more creative to compose paragraph. There are many techniques that
can be used in teaching writing. One of them is guided question technique.
According to Traver (1998:70) a guiding question is the fundamental query that
directs the search for understanding. Everything in the curiculum is studied
for the purpose of unswering it. This technique provides a list question that
can make students think about the topic. This technique purposed to lead  about what students to write. By using guided
question technique, the students will not be confused how to write because they
have guidance in its process. In this case, a previous research on
guiding question technique was conducted by Muhayyinah (2012) to find out
whether any differences between the implementation of guiding question
technique and traditional technique in teaching writing among students year X
at SMK NU Lamongan. The result showed that it is more effective to use guiding
question technique in teaching writing. She stated that by implementing guiding
question the students will be more motivated in writing. It makes the students
feel like writing is not a difficult activity since guiding question helps the
students to organize their idea when they have to write. The result of those
studies suggests that guiding question technique is good to be implemented by the
teacher. Different from the previous researches, this current research explores
in particular writing in the form of recount text because recount text is a
text that retells past event or something which happened in the past.

Based on the background, the
researcher would like to conduct research entitled The Implimentation of Guided
Question in Teaching Writing Recount Text at Junior High School.